AIOTI WG Agriculture published its paper Role of IoT and Edge Computing in addressing biodiversity and environmental monitoring.
The European Commission presented in 2019 the European Green Deal as the European response to the serious challenges posed by climate change and environmental degradation. Biodiversity and the environment are key areas under the umbrella of the Green Deal. In particular, biodiversity/environment observation and understanding has been identified as key supporting element to fight climate change and achieve a sustainable economy, prosperous for all European citizens. Spurred by the EU Green Deal policy, a number of relevant monitoring initiatives are currently being launched at different scales, with ambitious objectives, towards the preservation of landscapes and biodiversity. After reviewing in Section 2 the most relevant initiatives for biodiversity and environment monitoring, the current paper focuses on the use of Internet of Things technologies for fulfilling the monitoring needs. Section 3 analyses the concept of IoT-based monitoring and presents four illustrative use cases in different fields, as well as a short list of commercial solutions. Based on the preliminary findings, Section 4 finally summarises the main gaps identified and provides recommendations on the way to go. It is important to note that the current paper is ongoing work and will be refined in subsequent iterations in order to deepen the preliminary analysis and stock-taking.
The paper can be found here.